Muñoz graduated from the Escuela de Bellas Artes in 1971, and has developed his career through a prolific investigation of post-modern methods of representation, using non-conventional photographic and mechanical printing techniques and video. He created a singular imagery and historiography by using transient mediums such as human breath, water, dust and fire, focusing on the precarious reality of human life
The work of Oscar Muñoz has participated in numerous personal and collective exhibitions in international institutions such as the MoMA, New York (2013); Louvre Abu Dhabi (2019); Centre Pompidou, Paris (2016); Jeu de Paume, Paris (2014); Phoenix Art Museum, Arizona, (2021); Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, Texas, (2022); Sorigué Foundation, Lleida, Spain (2018); SF MOMA, San Francisco (2012); Musée du Quai Branly, Paris (2019); Perez Art Museum, Miami (2013); Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris (2016); CIFO Space for the Arts, Miami (2009); Philadelphia Museum of Art (2010); Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne, Switzerland (2016); Pori Art Museum, Finland (2009); Mori Art Museum, Tokyo (2008); Museo Tamayo, Mexico City (2009); the PICA Museum, Perth (2009); Hiroshima Museum of Contemporary Art, Japan (2009); Korea Foundation, Seul (2008); New South Wales Gallery, Sydney (2009) and the MALI, Lima (2013), among others. He has participated in the 51st and 52nd editions of the Venice Biennale (2005 and 2007).
Muñoz’s works are in important public and private collections including the the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York; Centre Pompidou, Paris; Musée du Quai Branly, Paris; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; the Tate Modern, London; Hirschhorn Museum, Washington DC; SF MOMA, San Francisco; Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires (MALBA); and Fundacion La Caixa, Barcelona among many others.
In 2018, Oscar Muñoz was awarded the Hasselblad Foundation Award and in 2013 the Prince Claus Award.